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Background and History of Websites
– The World Wide Web (WWW) was created in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee.
– CERN announced in 1993 that the World Wide Web would be free to use for anyone.
– Before HTTP, other protocols like FTP and gopher were used to retrieve files from servers.
– Documents were often plain text files without formatting or encoded in word processor formats.
– The spelling ‘website’ has become the standard, replacing ‘web site.’
– In 2009, there were 215,675,903 websites, compared to 19,732 in 1995.
– The number of websites reached 1 billion in September 2014.
– The count of inactive websites causes fluctuations in the total number.
– As of January 2020, there are 1,295,973,827 websites.

Types of Websites
– Websites can be categorized into two main types: static and interactive.
– Interactive sites allow for engagement and interaction between the site owner and users.
– Static sites serve or capture information but do not have direct engagement with the audience.
– Some websites are informational, created by enthusiasts, or used for personal entertainment.
– Websites can have different business models, including posting interesting content and selling contextual advertising, e-commerce, advertising products or services available at physical stores, and offering freemium content.

Static and Dynamic Websites
Static website
– A static website has web pages stored on the server and primarily uses HTML.
CSS controls appearance beyond basic HTML.
– Images are commonly used for desired appearance and as part of the main content.
– Static websites provide consistent, standard information for an extended period.
– Simple forms or marketing examples of websites are often static.

Dynamic website
– Dynamic websites change or customize themselves frequently and automatically.
– Server-side dynamic pages are generated by computer code.
– Various software systems and frameworks are available to create dynamic websites.
– Dynamic websites can display real-time information and personalize content.
– Dynamic HTML uses JavaScript code to modify page contents interactively.

Multimedia and Interactive Content
– Early websites had only text and images.
– Web browser plug-ins were used to add audio, video, and interactivity.
HTML5 includes provisions for audio and video without plugins.
JavaScript allows website creators to modify page content and communicate with servers.
– WebGL is a JavaScript API for rendering interactive 3D graphics without plugins.

Website Monetization and Subscription Websites
Website Monetization
– Many websites aim to generate revenue through various business models.
– Some websites generate income by selling contextual advertising through direct sales or advertising networks.
E-commerce websites allow users to purchase products or services directly through the site.
– Certain websites advertise products or services available at brick-and-mortar businesses.
– Freemium models offer basic content for free, but premium content requires payment.

Subscription Websites
– Some websites require user registration or subscription to access their content.
– Subscription websites include business sites, news websites, academic journal websites, gaming websites, file-sharing websites, message boards, web-based email services, social networking websites, and sites providing real-time stock market data.
– These websites offer various services to their subscribers.
– User registration or subscription helps maintain access control and provides personalized experiences.
– Subscription-based models often offer additional features or exclusive content to subscribers.

Historical References and Website Statistics
Historical References
– Tim Berners-Lee is credited as the inventor of the World Wide Web.
– The first website was hosted at
– The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) played a significant role in developing web standards.
– The Chicago Manual of Style mentions the evolution of the internet, web, and related concerns.
– The Associated Press Stylebook changed the term ‘Web site’ to ‘website’ in 2010.

Website Statistics
– The total number of websites is constantly changing and difficult to determine precisely.
Internet Live Stats provides real-time estimates of the number of websites.
– Netcraft conducts web server surveys to gather information about websites.
– In 2021, Siteefy estimated the number of websites worldwide.
– Various organizations and resources offer insights into website statistics and trends.Summary:

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