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Terminology and Etymology
– In many English-speaking countries, a crisp cookie is called a biscuit.
– The term cookie is used to describe chewier cookies.
– Both terms, cookie and biscuit, are used in many regions.
– The container used to store cookies is called a cookie jar.
– In Scotland, the term cookie is sometimes used to describe a plain bun.
– The word ‘cookie’ dates back to at least 1701 in Scottish usage.
– The American use of the word ‘cookie’ is derived from the Dutch word ‘koekje,’ meaning ‘little cake.’
– Another claim is that the American name comes from the Dutch word ‘koekie,’ which means ‘little cake.’
– The Scottish name for cookie may derive from the diminutive form of the word ‘cook.’
– There was trade and cultural contact between the Low Countries and Scotland during the Middle Ages.

Description and History
– Cookies are typically baked until crisp or with a soft interior.
– Some cookies, like peanut butter cookies, are not baked and use solidified chocolate as a binder.
– Cookies can be made in a wide variety of styles and flavors.
– The cohesion agent in cookies is oil, rather than water like in cakes.
– Oils in cookies remain after baking, saturating the cavities and creating crispness.
– Cookies have existed since ancient times, but they were not sweet enough by modern standards.
– Cookies originated in Persia in the 7th century AD and spread to Europe through the Muslim conquest of Spain.
– By the 14th century, cookies were common throughout Europe.
– The figure-shaped gingerbread man appeared in the 16th century at the court of Elizabeth I of England.
– Cookies became popular travel companions during the age of global travel.

Classification of Cookies
– Bar cookies are made by pouring or pressing batter into a pan and cutting into cookie-sized pieces after baking.
– Drop cookies are made from a soft dough that is dropped onto a baking sheet.
– Rolled cookies are made by rolling out the dough and cutting into shapes with cookie cutters.
– Molded cookies are shaped by hand or with the help of a mold.
– Refrigerator cookies are made by chilling the dough before slicing and baking.

Types of Cookies
– Drop cookies: Examples include chocolate chip cookies, oatmeal raisin cookies, and rock cakes.
– Filled cookies: Made from rolled dough filled with fruit, jam, or confectionery.
– Molded cookies: Shaped by hand into balls or cookie shapes before baking.
– No-bake cookies: Made by mixing filler ingredients into a melted binder and allowing to cool.
– Pressed cookies: Made by extruding dough from a cookie press into decorative shapes.
– Refrigerator cookies: Made from a stiff dough that is refrigerated before cutting and baking.
– Rolled cookies: Made from a rolled-out dough that is cut into shapes with a cookie cutter.
– Sandwich cookies: Rolled or pressed cookies assembled as a sandwich with a sweet filling.
– Breakfast cookies: Larger, lower-sugar cookies filled with nuts and oats eaten as a quick breakfast snack.
– Low-fat cookies: Cookies with lower fat content than regular cookies.

Unique Cookie Varieties and Reception
– Raw cookie dough: Served in some restaurants, often without eggs to avoid salmonella risk.
– Skillet cookies: Big cookies cooked in a cast-iron skillet and served warm.
– Supersized cookies: Extra large cookies sold in grocery stores, restaurants, and coffee shops.
– Vegan cookies: Made with non-dairy ingredients like flour, sugar, milk, and margarine.
– Cookie cakes: Large circular cookies decorated with icing or fondant like a cake.
– Supersized cookies criticized for high calorie count and fat content.
– Breakfast cookies recommended for busy individuals.
– Low-fat or diet cookies may have the same calorie count as regular cookies due to added sugar.Summary:

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
cookie (noun)
a small flat or slightly raised cake
a) an attractive woman - a buxom French cookie who haunts the … colony's one night spot Newsweek
b) - person guy a tough cookie
a small file or part of a file stored on a World Wide Web user's computer, created and subsequently read by a Web site server, and containing personal information (as a user identification code, customized preferences, or a record of pages visited)
Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus
cookie (noun)
a lovely woman
babe, beauty queen, cookie ( cooky), cutie ( cutey), dolly bird, enchantress, eyeful, fox, goddess, honey, knockout, queen, stunner
belle, charmer, peach; bathing beauty, cover girl, pinup girl; bimbette [], bunny, houri, sex kitten, sexpot, sex symbol; cutie-pie, dish, doll, dreamboat [], hottie, looker, pretty; coquette, femme fatale, siren, temptress, vamp
bag, dog, frump; crone, hag, horror, witch; gorgon, monster
cookie (noun)
a member of the human race
baby, being, bird, bod, body, character, cookie ( cooky), creature, customer, devil, duck, egg, face, fish, guy, head, human being, individual, life, man, mortal, party, person, personage, scout, slob, sort, soul, specimen, stiff, thing, wight
hominid, homo, humanoid; brother, fellow, fellowman, neighbor; celebrity, personality, self, somebody
animal, beast, beastie, brute, critter
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